2015年重慶高考滿分作文及點評

推薦人: 來源: 美文閱讀網 時間: 2015-06-17 20:30 閱讀:
  談孔子仁學中的“德”

  孔子創立的儒家文化被視為中國傳統文化的支柱與血脈,孔子及其儒家文化的節欲觀已沉淀為中國人的一種深層文化心理,并決定了中國的命運走向是一種內斂的發展方式。然而,我們現在所理解的儒家文化與孔子的思想卻存在著顯著的差異,因為儒家文化經過歷朝歷代的變更,與孔子原初的思想產生了很大的出入,在所有儒家經典中最能反映孔子仁學思想的莫過于《論語》,其中出現“仁”的章節多達五十九處,而每次孔子對“仁”的解釋又不盡相同。孔子強調士人要積極出仕,擔負起治國平天下的責任,強調統治者為政以德,主張德治。他認為統治者必須加強自身道德修養。同時以仁政,富民、利民等政治倫理思想為統治思想。作為一種思想倫理體系,孔子的仁學對我國古代社會產生了持久而深遠的影響,在當今依然有著積極的現實意義。

  一、“德”字的使用溯源:孔子主張“為政以德”(《為政》)。但孔子“德”的含義是什么呢?在孔子的觀念中,“聞道”難,“知德”不易。《衛靈公》記載:子曰:“由,知德者鮮矣。”孔子既然說“知德者鮮矣”,可知,孔子是把“德”的范疇當作一個高、難、深的學問看待的。“德”字在《尚書》中頻繁出現,至春秋時代使用仍相當普遍。但孔子認為,真正“知德者”很少,這就說明,孔子之所謂“德”與當時該字的普遍使用義有所不同。搞清孔子“德”的使用義,當從“德”字的造字意義和使用含義的變遷談起。

  日子在不經意間流過,人生就在希望與失望之中完成了蛻變。人到中年,積累了不少的經驗,一個“悟”字,濃縮了人生的萬語千言。“朝看花開滿樹紅,暮看花落樹還空。苦將花比人間事,花與人間事一同!”

  中年,沒有了年輕時的肆無忌憚,卻又比老年多了份不甘。人生是一場孤獨的跋涉,一個人走,一個人停,一個人流浪;一個人哭,一個人笑,一個人堅強。磨難是洗禮;傷痛是覺醒。中年之后,漸漸懂得,所謂的天真,總是磨礪不夠;所謂的成熟,只是比別人少了一種淺薄。

  2015年重慶高考滿分作文點評:

  作文其實能夠給大家寬泛一點的范疇,給大家一個多元的角度,是挺有意思的一種方式,也就是讓人答出不可復制的考卷。本材料可從以下幾個角度來做多維立意:1.乘客角度。他們身上體現出來的是寬容精神。他們停止抱怨,從材料中的美好結局,同學們可從情感性、思辨性入手,做到語言流暢、思維清晰,寫出材料的情味道。可以看出,所有的乘客內心都有著一種寬容的“善心”和“愛心”,這是當下社會最需求的。

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